Claude Monet Curriculum Vitae

The French painter Claude Monet was born in Paris on 14 November 1840 as Oscar-Claude Monet.

Monet was born as the second son of Adolph Monet and Louise Justine Aubrée in Rue Lafitte 45. The christening of the boy, always called Oscar by his parents, took place in the church Notre-Dame de Lorette. Monet’s father owned a grocery store, which experienced uncertain economic times. For this reason the family moved to Le Havre in 1845. A half-sister of the father lived in the city at the mouth of the Seine. In the

From 1851 to 1857 Claude Monet attended the Gymnasium

However, he preferred walks by the sea to the dreary school routine. When he attended classes, he made caricatures of pupils and teachers. The drawings signed with “O. Monet” made the 15-year-old famous in the city. The works adorned the shop window of the local frame dealer. From time to time he also created his first commissioned works.

In the beginning Monet was less fond of landscape painting. However, Eugéne Boudins, who recognized Monet’s talent, encouraged him to devote himself to this genre. His mother died in 1857 and Monet painted his first landscape painting, accompanied by the desire to pursue a career as a painter. Applications for a scholarship in Le Havre were rejected. But Monet stuck to his decision. He visited exhibitions and made contact with artists such as Armand Gautier and Constant Troyon.

In 1860 he entered the free painting school Académie Suisse

In 1861 Monet was called up for military service in Algeria. The following summer, the typhoid patient was able to return to Le Havre. There he devoted himself mainly to landscape studies. His aunt bought him from another military service and put the painter Auguste Toulmouche at his side as his artistic supervisor. In 1864 Monet’s still life with flowers was shown in an exhibition in Rouen. In the same year Monet opened a studio in Paris with his friend and fellow painter Fréderic Bazille.

  • His girlfriend Camille Doncieux immortalised Monet in the work “Camille imgreen dress”.
  • In 1867 Monet once again became father of a son. In 1870 the artist moved to London.
  • When his father died a year later and left him a small inheritance, Monet went back to France and experienced bourgeois prosperity for the first time.

In 1873 the painter organized an exhibition together with Gustave Caillebotte

The resulting artists’ association can be described as the nucleus of Impressionism. The first solo exhibition of Monet’s works was shown in 1883. The painter, who now stood on a secure economic footing, rented his house in Giverny, which became famous above all for the garden laid out by the artist himself. Painting trips took the artist to Holland, the Riviera, Brittany and the Côte d’Azur, among other places.

In 1908 Monet was diagnosed with double-sided glaucoma. Eye complaints made his work increasingly difficult. In 1918, Monet donated eight of his famous water lily pictures to the French state. In 1923 an operation gave him his eyesight back. But his last works are strikingly accompanied by depression. Claude Monet died on 5 December 1926 in Giverny.

Comments are closed.